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AngularJS, a robust JavaScript framework created and maintained by Google, empowers developers to build dynamic web applications. Optimizing AngularJS performance becomes crucial to deliver seamless and efficient user experiences. In this blog, we will delve into ten valuable tips shared by industry professionals that can assist you in bettering the performance of your AngularJS applications.

Use One-time Binding

One-time binding is a powerful technique in AngularJS that allows you to bind data expressions in a unidirectional manner, providing a significant performance boost. By utilizing the syntax {{::variable}}, you can reduce the number of watches and improve application speed, especially for static or infrequently changing data. With one-time binding, AngularJS evaluates the expression only once during the initial rendering, eliminating the need for continuous evaluation and updating. This optimization reduces unnecessary processing overhead and enhances the overall performance of your AngularJS application.

Optimize Digest Cycle

The digest cycle is a fundamental process in AngularJS responsible for updating views and propagating changes throughout the application. To optimize the digest cycle, it’s crucial to minimize the number of watches in your application. Watches monitor changes in variables and expressions, but excessive watches can adversely affect performance.
To streamline the digest cycle, avoid complex data bindings and evaluate the necessity of watches in your codebase. Tools like Batarang for AngularJS Performance Inspector can assist in identifying and eliminating performance bottlenecks, allowing you to fine-tune your application for optimal digest cycle efficiency.

Apply ng-cloak

When AngularJS applications load, there is a brief moment where the expressions may be visible before they are evaluated and replaced with their actual values. This can create a flickering effect, causing a suboptimal user experience. However, you can mitigate this issue by utilizing the ‘ng-cloak’ directive.
Applying the ng-cloak class to elements, you can hide them until AngularJS has finished compiling and rendering the associated expressions. This ensures that users only see fully processed and evaluated data, eliminating the temporary display of unprocessed content. As a result, the application appears more polished and professional, enhancing the overall user experience.

Leverage Track by

In AngularJS, the ng-repeat directive is used to render lists and collections dynamically. However, without the “track by” clause, AngularJS rebuilds the entire list whenever an item is added, removed, or reordered. This can lead to performance issues, especially with large datasets. To optimize this process, you can leverage the “track by” clause.

Providing a unique identifier using the “track by” syntax (ng-repeat=”item in items track by item.id”), AngularJS can efficiently track and update only the necessary DOM elements when changes occur. This optimization results in faster rendering and reduced memory usage, particularly when dealing with extensive or frequently updated lists. By leveraging “track by,” you can significantly enhance the performance and responsiveness of your AngularJS application, providing a smoother user experience.

Implement Lazy Loading

AngularJS applications can become resource-heavy if all modules, components, and assets are loaded upfront. This can lead to slower application startup times and reduced performance. By implementing lazy loading techniques, you can load modules and assets on-demand as the user navigates through your application.

Lazy loading reduces the initial load time and improves perceived performance by delivering only the necessary resources when they are needed.

Use AngularJS Filters Judiciously

AngularJS filters provide a convenient way to manipulate and format data. However, excessive use of filters can impact performance, mainly when applied to large datasets. Each filter invocation requires processing time, so evaluating the necessity of filters in your application is essential. Consider alternative approaches such as pre-processing the data whenever possible or optimizing the filter logic to minimize the computational overhead.

Opt for One-way Data Binding

While AngularJS supports two-way data binding, it may only sometimes be necessary. One-way data binding provides performance optimization ensuring that data flows in a single direction, reducing the overhead of continuously syncing data in both directions.
You can achieve one-way data binding by using the one-time binding syntax {{::variable}} or by utilizing the “bind-once” directive. Assess your application’s requirements and choose the appropriate data-binding strategy accordingly.

Employ Debounce and Throttle

It’s crucial to prevent excessive function invocations when handling events that trigger frequent updates, such as input fields. Debounce and throttle techniques can help optimize the performance of such event handlers. Debouncing ensures that a function is called only after a specified delay since the last invocation, while throttling limits the rate at which a function is invoked, typically by enforcing a minimum time interval between invocations.
By implementing debounce or throttle mechanisms, you can reduce the number of function calls, prevent unnecessary processing, and improve the responsiveness of your AngularJS application.

Enable Production Mode

AngularJS provides a production mode that disables debugging information and enables various performance optimizations. When deploying your AngularJS application to production environments, enable the production mode. This mode eliminates the overhead associated with debugging features and enhances the overall performance of your application.
Running your application in production mode, you can ensure it performs optimally in real-world scenarios.

Optimize CSS and DOM Manipulation

Efficient usage of CSS and minimal DOM manipulation can significantly impact AngularJS performance. When working with AngularJS directives and features, it’s important to consider best practices for CSS usage. Avoid excessive CSS selectors, as they can slow down the rendering process. Utilize the ng-class directive instead of inline styles (ng-style) for dynamic styling.

Additionally, minimize direct DOM manipulation and leverage AngularJS directives for DOM manipulation tasks. By optimizing CSS usage and reducing direct DOM manipulation, you can improve the rendering speed and overall performance of your AngularJS application.


Optimizing AngularJS Performance is crucial for delivering fast and efficient web applications. By implementing the ten tips discussed in this blog, you can significantly enhance the performance of your AngularJS applications. Utilise one-time binding, optimize the digest cycle, apply ng-cloak to prevent flickering, leverage the track by clause for efficient list rendering, and implement lazy loading to reduce initial load times.

Use filters judiciously, opt for one-way data binding, employ debounce and throttle techniques for event handlers, enable production mode, and optimize CSS and DOM manipulation. By adhering to these expert tips, you can ensure that your AngularJS applications deliver exceptional user experiences and perform optimally in various scenarios.

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